QUEEN ANNE (1880-1920)
The Queen Anne style epitomizes the Victorian era. The style developed in England, however, it was quickly adopted in the United States with an American flair. American Queen Anne homes used three dimensional lumber or spindlework that was mass beginning to be produced and disseminated throughout the country by railroad. Pattern books and The American Architect and Building News also helped popularize the style. Although Queen Anne buildings have a variety of forms and styles, they are easily identifiable. Many of the examples found in Alaska are not high style examples and can also be considered Folk Victorian.
- Steeply pitched roof.
- Hipped roof with lower cross gables.
- Patterned shingles.
- Dominant porches.
- Decorative spindlework.
- Gable end and roof top ornamentation.
- Projecting bay windows.
- Porch columns.
Queen Anne style buildings are found throughout Alaska in residential areas. Small Queen Anne districts may be present, but extremely rare. Queen Anne homes may be located in a mixed style residential district. To be eligible in a residential district, a Queen Anne must be asymmetrical, have a hipped roof with lower cross gables, and a steeply pitched roof. Furthermore they should exhibit some primary or secondary features. In most situations Queen Anne homes will be eligible individually. To be eligible individually, a Queen Anne must have a majority of the primary stylistic features. Some decorative features should be incorporated in the design such as spindlework, patterned shingles, towers, finials, bay windows or porch columns.
Foster, Janet. The Queen Anne House: America's Victorian Vernacular. New York: Abrams 2006.