NEO-MANSARD (1970 – 1985)
The Neo-Mansard style, also referred to as the Mansard, is a reinterpretation of the Second Empire style popular during the 1880s. Gas stations used the Mansard style to soften their previous modernist concrete buildings. McDonald's also popularized the style with the creation of their eat-in restaurants featuring a mansard roof. A variety of building types exhibit the Neo-Mansard style including apartment buildings, single family residences, condominiums, gas stations, restaurants and commercial buildings. Older buildings are sometimes modernized by adding mansard roofs to their facades. Now Neo-Mansards are covered with newer façade treatments.
- Mansard roof.
- Two or more stories.
- Windows and/or porches inserted in the roofs.
- Flat roofs.
- Dominate garages.
- Aluminum sliders and aluminum doors.
- Segmented or arched dormers.
- Parapets used to disguise mechanical equipment.
- Recessed entries.
- Primary roofing material is wood shingles, but can be tile or asphalt.
- Clad in wood, T1-11, stone veneer or brick veneer.
Neo-Mansard buildings are scattered throughout Alaska. They often take form in multi-family housing, commercial buildings, townhouses and single family homes. Neo-Mansard style buildings will rarely be eligible individually. To be individually eligible, Neo-Mansards must exhibit a mansard roof and a majority of the other primary features. Additionally, they must contain at least four secondary features, and be associated with a prominent builder, developer or architect.
Small districts of mansards may exist in Alaska. To be eligible in a Neo-Mansard district, Neo-Mansards must have a mansard roof as well as two other primary stylistic features and two secondary stylistic features. Neo-Mansards in a mixed style district must also embody the distinctive roof as well as two primary and two secondary features .
Zung, Thomas T.K., Buckminster Fuller: Anthology for a New Millennium. New York: Macmillian, 2002.