LATE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY REVIVALS

MISSION/SPANISH REVIVAL (1890-1940)

Mission/Spanish Revival is a common style in the southwestern United States and Florida. In many ways, this style was a Spanish colonial area response to the Colonial Revivals found in other parts of the country. The 1915-1916 Panama-California Exposition in San Diego popularized this style. These elaborately designed buildings showed elaborations found throughout the Latin America. The style quickly spread from the publicity associated with the exposition.

Primary Stylistic Features
  • Low pitched roof with little or no eave overhang.
  • Red tile roof covering.
  • Prominent arch above door or windows.
  • Asymmetrical fašade.
  • Stucco wall surface.
Secondary Stylistic Features
  • Carved doors.
  • Spiral columns or pilasters.
  • Tile work.
  • Decorative window grills.
  • Arcaded walkways.

Evaluation Considerations

The Mission/Spanish Colonial style is extremely rare in Alaska. This style will likely be encountered with individual buildings and may exist within a historic district. To be eligible, a Mission/Spanish Colonial building should have a tile roof, low pitched roof and stucco. Other primary and secondary features should be present, but are not necessary. Extreme flexibility should be exercised when applying integrity.