LATE 19TH & 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN MOVEMENTS

BUNGALOW/CRAFTSMAN (1905-1940)

The Craftsman style originated in California in the early 20th century. Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene promoted the style and are credited as the inspirations behind the style. Asian wood construction, the English Arts and Crafts movement and interest in traditional manual arts culminated in this detailed building style. Their designs were highlighted in many magazines such as Western Architect, Ladies Home Journal, Architectural Record, and House Beautiful to help popularize the style. It is widespread throughout the country. More vernacular types of the style are often call bungaloids.

Primary Stylistic Features
  • Low pitched roof.
  • Gable or hip roof.
  • Wide eave overhangs.
  • One to two stories tall.
  • Exposed rafters.
  • Full or partial front porch with columns
Secondary Stylistic Features
  • Knee braces or exposed roof beams.
  • Battered columns.
  • Open floor plans.
  • Front door entry to living space.

Evaluation Considerations

Bungalows will most often be found in historic districts comprised of other bungalows or mixed styles. To be contributing in a district, bungalows should exhibit a majority of their primary stylistic features. Individually eligible bungalows are rarer and should embody all the primary stylistic features and some secondary features. A relatively high level of integrity should be present to list individual bungalows.