2011 Archaeology Month Poster

Background and Related Websites

Poster Credits:
     Artist: Maureen Howard, Archaeological Illustrating Services of Anchorage

     Graphic Designer: Meg Anderson, Alaska DNR Division of Parks and Outdoor Recreation

     Photos: Beringian Map: Dr. Jason Rogers
              Swan Point mammoth tusk: Dr. Charles E. Holmes
              Broken Mammoth ivory tools: Randolph Tedor
              Qagnax Cave, Pribilof Islands: Dr. David Yesner
              2009 Archaeology Month Atlatl Event: Travis Shinabarger

Financial Support: Financial support for the 2011 Alaska Archaeology Month Poster was provided by the Alaska Office of History and Archaeology, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Matanuska-Susitna Borough Cultural Resources Division, and Dr. David Yesner.

Archaeology Month Poster Coordination: the Public Education Group The annual Alaska Archaeology Month poster is coordinated by the Alaska Anthropological Association's Public Education Group, which includes individuals from municipal, state and federal agencies, universities, museums, and private organizations. The Public Education Group coordinates other activities as well, including an annual atlatl (spearthrower) event, a student mentorship program, and a speaker series.

The annual Alaska Atlatl fun throw and competition is an opportunity for the public to try their hand at the atlatl, a hunting tool used to throw spears harder and farther than they could be thrown by hand. The event is usually scheduled for the last Saturday in April (April 30 in 2011) at the Alaska Native Heritage Center in Anchorage, and provides opportunities to throw at mammoth, rhino, and other targets as well as try their hand at cave painting. For more information contact Richard VanderHoek at (907) 269-8728.

The Archaeology Mentorship Program fosters archaeology education among native students in rural Alaska. For more information, contact Becky Saleeby at (907) 644- 3477 or Sherry Nelson at (907) 224-4114.

The Alaska Anthropological Association Speaker Series provides speakers, usually associated with the annual Alaska Anthropological Association meetings, additional venues around the state. For further information, contact Karlene Leeper at (907) 552-5057.

Related web links for information on the topics presented on the 2011 Archaeology Month poster.


Mammoth and Pleistocene Alaska before people.

This link will take you to Mammoths and Mastodons: Titans of the Ice Age, the website for the current exhibit at the Anchorage Museum.
http://www.anchoragemuseum.org/galleries/mammoths/index.aspx

This website has fun facts about mammoths. Its hot links may not be active.
http://school.discoveryeducation.com/schooladventures/woollymammoth/index.html

The Days of the Mammoth Steppe in Alaska, a web article by Alaskan science writer Ned Rozell.
http://www2.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF15/1591.html

Early people and mammoth in Alaska and the Americas.

This link takes you to the website the Alaska Office of History and Archaeology established with information on three of the oldest archaeological sites in Alaska, the Broken Mammoth, Mead, and Swan Point sites in the Tanana Valley.
http://dnr.alaska.gov/parks/oha/mammoth/mammoth1.html

This link takes you to the site BLM established for the 2009 AK Archaeology Month poster that has information on some of the earliest archaeological sites in Alaska, including Broken Mammoth, where mammoths are briefly mentioned.
http://www.blm.gov/ak/st/en/prog/culture/archaeology.html

This link takes you to the Science article discussing the timing of the colonization of the Americas.  (Scroll down past the links on the first page to the following article.)
http://jvarekamp.web.wesleyan.edu/CO2/359%20CC%2008/people%20and%20climate/PeopeMigrate.pdf

This link takes you to a Science article discussing the timing of the Clovis Culture and Clovis’s role in the peopling of the Americas.  (Scroll down past the links on the first page to the following article.)
http://jvarekamp.web.wesleyan.edu/public_htmlA/CO2/359%20CC%2008/people%20and%20climate/Clovis07.pdf

This link takes you to the National Geographic website that discusses possible mammoth representations in Utah rock art.
http://blogs.nationalgeographic.com/blogs/news/chiefeditor/2011/02/wildest-mammoth-in-the-west-fo.html

Mammoth ivory as a material to be worked.

This link takes you to a Nature article discussing >30,000 year old ivory sculptures from the German Upper Paleolithic.
http://www.urgeschichte.uni-tuebingen.de/fileadmin/downloads/Conard/Conard_03_Nature.pdf

This link takes you to a Nature article discussing a 35,000 year old Venus figurine from the German Upper Paleolithic.
http://www.urgeschichte.uni-tuebingen.de/fileadmin/downloads/Conard/Conard_Venus_Nature_2009.pdf

This link takes you to an article on the experimental manufacture of items in mammoth ivory.
http://www.urgeschichte.uni-tuebingen.de/fileadmin/downloads/GfU/2009/071-092.pdf

Mammoth extinction.

This link gives a general overview of three theories of how Late Pleistocene mammals including mammoths could have gone extinct.
http://www.arn.org/docs2/news/mammothextinction112201.htm

This link takes you to a Journal of Archaeological Science article discussing the crash of Pleistocene fauna in northern Russia.
http://cio.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/FILES/root/2002/JArchaeolSciMacPhee/2002JArchaeolSciMacPhee.pdf

This link to an on-line journal article discusses the roles of climate change and human hunting in mammoth extinctions.
http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.0060079

Mammoth in our memory and imagination.

This web article discussed many of the issues surrounding efforts to either raise a mammoth-elephant hybrid or to clone a mammoth.
http://stlr.stanford.edu/pdf/salsberg-mammoth.pdf

2011 Archaeology Month Atlatl Event April 30th at the Alaska Native Heritage Center.

2011 Atlatl Event Poster