Figures: Castle Hill Final Report 


Figure-1.1

Overview of Castle Hill, facing northeast, around 1970.
(from a photo postcard in the collection of Dave McMahan).
Figure-10.2

A finely carved bone pipe stem, probably the mouthpiece of a longer Chibouk style stem
Figure-10.3

Partial Chibouk pipe bowl (97-6832); close-up depicts a stamped
circular seal. Drawing by Margan Grover.
Figure-10.4

A disk-style Chibouk pipe (98-049) from the Castle Hill "workshop area."
Figure-10.5

(a) J. Cartwright, Costume Plates, London 1822, "an Albanian," (Robinson 1985, Plate 40); (b) cabinet card of a Turkish pipeseller, circa 1870 (collection of Dave McMahan).
Figure-10-1

A Chibouk pipe bowl (98-113) from the Castle Hill "workshop area."
Figure-13.1

Examples of faunal elements with butchering marks
from the Castle Hill "workshop area."
Figure-13.2

A copper kettle, spout removed, with codfish head bones.
The green staining is from copper salts within the soil matrix.
Figure-13.3

(a) Sea mammal bone polar bear (#98-1201); (b) ivory bear (#98-1207).
Figure-11-1

Lead seals from Castle Hill (1 of 4 plates).
Figure-11-2

Lead seals from Castle Hill (2 of 4 plates).
Figure-11-3

Lead seals from Castle Hill (3 of 4 plates).
Figure-11-4

Lead seals from Castle Hill (4 of 4 plates).
Figure-11-5

Representative fur bale seal from Castle Hill (97-6368).
Figure-11-6

Drawings of select lead seals from Castle Hill
(drawings by Margan Grover).
Figure-11-7

Photomicrographs of coir (Cocos nucifera) fibers
in lead seal channels.
Figure-11-8

Cloth packer seal (98-130) from Castle Hill.
Figure-11-9

Schematic drawing of two- and four-part cloth seals,
Adapted from a drawing by Nick Griffiths (in Egan 1995:viii).
Figure-12-1

Russian cannon on top of Castle Hill prior to 1998 renovation.
Figure-12-10

Trigger guard (a), sling swivel (b), and worm (c).
Figure-12-11

Sideplate with stamped markings.
Figure-12-2

Distribution of Castle Hill iron shot by diameter.
Figure-12-3

Distribution of Castle Hill lead shot by weight and approximate caliber.
Figure-12-4

Lead sprue from the Castle Hill workshop area.
Figure-12-5

Distribution and inferred origin of Castle Hill gunflints
based on raw material type.
.
Figure-12-6

Figure 12.6. Examples of Castle Hill gunflints. Note that second
from the left, bottom, is of French "honey-colored" flint; others are British.
Figure-12-7

Examples of ramrod ferrules (guides) from the Castle Hill
workshop area.
Figure-12-8

Iron saber blade segment from below the floor of Building 1,
workshop area.
Figure-12-9

Cast lead powder can cap from California Powder Works,
Santa Cruz.
Figure-2.1

An aerial view of Sitka, looking northwest, circa 1945-1955.
(Photo Shop Studio, Sitka. Photo postcard in the collection of Dave McMahan)
Figure-2.2

A view of Castle Hill facing north during 1998 construction.
Figure-3.1

"View of the Establishment at Norfolk Sound," 1805-06
(from a watercolor by G.H. von Langsdorff)
.
Figure-3.2

A plan of New Archangel, 1805-06. The "commander's bathhouse" (f) is in the vicintiy of 1997-98 archaeological excavations (watercolor by G.H. von Langsdorff, California Digital Library).
Figure-3.3

"Novo-Arkhangel'sk on Sitkha Island," 1827.
(illustration by Friedrich Heinrich Baron von Kittlitz)
Figure-3.4

1889 Photo of Castle Hill by Winter and Pond.
(photo courtesy of Candy Waugaman).
Figure-3.5

Photo of the burning of the "Castle" in 1894, by an unknown photographer. (from a print in the collection of the Isabel Miller Museum, Sitka).
Figure-3.6

Photo of Castle Hill, probably circa 1940s or early 1950s,
by "the Photo Shop Studio," Sitka (photo courtesy of Candy Waugaman).
Figure-4.1

Archaeologist Ty Dilliplane examines an artifact with a visitor
while Sitka volunteers excavate in the background.
Figure-5.1

An elaborate tarp system was constructed to
protect the site from heavy rainfall during excavation
.
Figure-5.2

Mount Edgecumbe High School provided a large science laboratory for the preliminary sorting, conservation, and analysis of artifacts in Sitka.
Figure-5.3

Dave McMahan prepares materials for silicone treatment at Texas A&M's Archaeological Preservation Research Laboratory (L). Treated materials included rope and a shoe (R).
Figure-5.4

The microscopy station at one of four sequential Anchorage
laboratories used to process the two tons of Castle Hill artifacts.
Figure-6.1

Castle Hill excavation plan.
Figure-6.10

Features inside Building 3, including a hewn wooden floor drain (A)and a possible anvil platform (B) of brick and stone (note iron staining).
Figure-6.11

Photo of Castle Hill by J.J. Breredon, circa 1890. (from a glass negative in the collection of Dave McMahan).
Figure-6.12

An albumin print of Castle Hill by Albertstone and Moosbauer, circa 1890. Note the smaller Building in the foreground to the right (collection of Dave McMahan).
Figure-6.13

Representative stratigraphy of the workshop area (by Margan Grover).
Figure-6.2

Feature 98-UT-1, dashed line added for clarity.
Figure-6.3

Feature 98-UT-3, dashed line added for clarity.
Figure-6.4

Late 18th century triptych panel (Catalog 98-069) from Feature 98-UT-4.
Figure-6.5

Russian period "trash deposit" associated with the workshop area. Note the shoe sole, articulated fish vertebrae, wood chips, and leather scraps.
Figure-6.6

Plan view of building footprints in the workshop area.
Figure-6.7

The lower portion of a metalworkers' forge in Building 2.
Figure-6.8

The substructure of Building 2 included a large postmold and possible floor joists, typical of the izba-seni-lket ("chain-link") style architecture of 17th and 18th century Siberia.
Figure-6.9

This brick platform in Building 3 rests upon an organic lens (note woodchips) derived from earlier activities, probably associated with Building 2.
Figure-7.10

A carved miniature musket from the workshop area.
Figure-7.11

Miniature cannons from model ships; the top specimen is copper alloy; the bottom is of lead alloy.
Figure-7.12

This balance "cock" ® from a pocketwatch is identical to an example (L) in a 19th century "Tobias" watch in a Russian silver case (R). Khlebnikov (1994:140) mentioned that some of the metalworkers in Sitka repaired instruments.
Figure-7.13

A collapsed spruce root "berry basket," in situ in Building 2.
Figure-7.14

A section of rope (conserved with silicone oil) from the workshop area. (Illustration by Margan Grover).
Figure-7.15

SEM micrographs: (a) goat wool fiber from the raven's tail robe fragment; (b) cross-section of a "trimmed" human hair, perhaps from grooming in one of the nearby bathhouses. Statistically, ovoid cross-sections are a Caucasion characteristic.
Figure-7.16

Native Alaskan artifacts: (a-d) slate projectile points; (e-f) obsidian projectile points; (g) wooden arrow foreshaft.
Figure-7.17

Japanese coins (Kan-ei Tsuho) from the workshop area, Edo Period (1638-1868).
Figure-7.6

Russian glass bottle seal, dated 1815.
Figure-8.1

Sample units used in ceramic analyses.
Figure-8-11

Drilled ceramics.
Figure-8-12

Modified ceramics: (a-c) ground; (d) unifacially-flaked ceramic tool.
Figure-8-2

Chinese porcelain: (a-b) Canton porcelain (Ib-UG-01); (c-e) Sino-Islamic porcelain (Ib-UG-03); (f-h) Canton export/trade porcelain (Ib-UG-02).
.
Figure-8-3

Russian porcelain (Ia-UG).
.Figure-8-4.

Refined earthenware: (a-d) edgeware (IIIf-UG-14); (e) figural/toby (IIIf-OG-15); (f) mocha (IIIf-UG-16); (g-i) annular (IIIf-UG-17).
Figure-8-5

Refined earthenware: (a-f) hand-painted, monochrome (IIIf-UG-18); (g-i) gilded (IIIf-OG-19); (j-k) lustreware (IIIf-OG-20).
Figure-8-8

Transfer-printed American scenes: (a) "Fair Mount near Philadelphia"; (b) "Lafayette at Franklin's Tomb".
Figure-9.10

Assorted blue and blue-green wound beads from the Castle Hill collection.
Figure-9.11

Brass button from a Russian Naval jacket.
Figure-9.12

Two (of 6) Phoenix buttons from the Castle Hill workshop area.
Figure-9.13

(a) composite button comprised of a wooden disk wrapped in woolen cloth; (b) wooden disk, probably from a composite button similar to the one on the left.
Figure-9.14

(a) cast brass belt accoutrement from a Russian naval uniform;
(b) hat cockade from a Russian naval enlisted man's uniform.
Figure-9.15

Copper two-piece clothing fastener.
Figure-9.2

A Russian style woven wool belt or sash.
Figure-9.24

Examples of shoes found in situ in the workshop area trash deposit.
Figure-9.25

"Expanded" view of a Castle Hill shoe, showing a wooden shank resting on the mid-sole (R).
Figure-9.26

(a) Lower portion of a boot, vamps shown; (b) inner or mid-sole, heel, and counter.
Figure-9.27

Iron heel plates from the workshop area.
Figure-9.3

The breast area of a woolen uniform jacket.
Figure-9.4

Finger area of a woolen mitten from the workshop area.
Figure-9.5

Collar of a coarse-weave woolen jacket. Buttonhole re-enforcement fibers are believed to be flax on the basis of microscopic examination.
Figure-9.6

Woolen "ready made" sock from Building 1.
Figure-9.7

Fragment of a raven's tail robe from the workshop area.
Figure-9.8

Assorted beads in the Castle Hill collection.
Figure-9.9

Wound and skunk beads from the Castle Hill collection.

 HOME

 REPORT CONTENTS


Please send e-mail to David McMahan to provide feedback about this page. 


[Summary] [Title Page]

This page last updated on 3/5/02 9:22:17 AM.